Tree species growing in the NP forests
The species diversity of flora and fauna in Podyjí National Park on such a small area is unique, not only on a global scale but also when we concentrate on individual plant and animal species in detail. The species composition of forest stands in the national park shows great variety and forms a colourful mosaic of differing communities from the dwarf thermophilous oakwoods on the steep slopes above the Dyje river, through oakwoods with hornbeams or with beeches, lime-maple woods to the remnants of beechwoods with scattered firs and yews on north-facing slopes at the highest elevations in the national park.
During the process of inventarisation a total of 115 woody plant species of tree, bush or liana types were recorded, of which around 90 species are significant for forestry. The orders of oak – Quercus and rowan – Sorbus have an exceptionally significant representation on the park territory.
Through years of scientific – research activity and monitoring the following species have also been identified: Sorbus x pinnatifida (SMITH) DÜLL and Sorbus x rotundifolia (BECHSTEIN) HEDLUND of the rowan family (Šelf 2000), as well as the Serbian Spruce (Picea omorica) (PANČIĆ) PURKYNĚ (Vančura 2007).
Another three species of pine are currently the subject of species determination at the Institute of Forestry Botany, Dendrology and Geobiocenology at the Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology of the Mendel Agriculture and Forestry University in Brno.