An overview of specially protected areas

The Administration of the Podyjí NP is responsible for the state administration for the national park and its buffer zone as well as other specially protected areas. At present there are only three territories in the category of natural monument. We are preparing to declare several more localities in the NP Podyjí buffer zone as nature monuments.  

  

PODYJÍ NATIONAL PARK

Podyjí National Park was established by Government Order No. 164/1991 Coll. and is one of four national parks in the Czech Republic. The territory and borders are more or less the same as the earlier Podyjí Protected Area, which was declared in 1978. The NP covers 29 km2. The Park lies between the towns of Vranov nad Dyjí and Znojmo its backbone is the romantic valley of the Dyje river with its typical meanders. Unlike the other national parks in the Czech Republic, Podyjí lies at relatively low elevations above sea level (206 – 536 m). The Park territory is exceptional for its variety of living nature but also its geology and landscape and is one of the best preserved river valleys of its type in our country. Paradoxically, the existence of the “Iron Curtain” helped to preserve the natural values of the river valley as all destructive activities in the area were frozen for nearly 50 years. The breathtaking diversity of Podyjí is the subject of study for naturalists from many fields. Podyjí was awarded the European Diploma by the Council of Europe and also included in the Pan-European Natura 2000 system.

   
A national park is a category of protected area with the strictest form of protection. According to the law a national park can only be declared on an extensive area which is unique on a national or international scale, a significant part of which consists of natural ecosystems or ecosystems which are little influenced by human activity and in which the flora, fauna and abiotic nature are of exceptional scientific and educational significance. All usage of the national park must be sub-ordinate to the maintenance and improvement of the natural conditions.

   
The territory of a national park is usually divided into three zones which reflect their natural values. The methods and techniques of nature protection are graded according to the zone. Certain activities and measures can be defined in the buffer zone, which are only permitted with the prior agreement of the nature protection authority.  

   

 

OTHER SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS

 

Within the buffer zone of Podyjí National Park we can find 3 specially protected areas in the category of natural monument. These natural monuments were established by the decree of the Podyjí NP Administration (after a change in the law they are established by the order). Together with the Podyjí NP these natural monuments are administered by the Podyjí NP Administration in Znojmo.

Explanation:Natural monuments (NM) are valuable localities of a smaller area with a regional environmental or aesthetic significance which were formed by nature but also by the activities of man.  

   

Fládnitzské vřesoviště NM (Fladnitz Heathlands)

Area: 4.03 ha

Parish: Hnanice

Date of declaration: 12th April 2002

This is an area of former grazing lands and lies around 0.5 km north of Hnanice village. The locality is valuable for the occurrence of xerothermophilous grass-herb communities with rare plant and animal species of a steppe character. The flora includes the Great Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla grandis), Purple Mullein (Verbascum phoeniceum) and Dwarf Everlast (Helichrysum arenarium) while the fauna includes the Praying Mantis (Mantis religiosa), Emerald Lizard (Lacerta viridis) and the Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca). Controlled sheep grazing is currently used to maintain the character of the locality. The growths of Wood Small-reed and False Oat-grass are cut back regularly, as are encroaching bushes and shrubs. 

fladnitzske_vresFladnitz Heathlands

   

 


Horáčkův kopeček NM (Horáček’s Hillock)

Area: 1 ha

Parish: Popice u Znojma

Date of declaration: 12th April 2002

The locality has the character of a granodiorite hillock with growths of steppe grasslands and shrub formations and lies around 200 metres north-east of the village of Popice near Znojmo. Horáčkův kopeček is the only locality in the Podyjí NP buffer zone where the Dwarf Iris (Iris pumila) is found, and other rare plants include Eastern Hollyhock (Alcea biennis) or the Hawkweed Hieracium echioides. The Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria) nests here and the rich insect population include rare jewel beetles and the Rose Chafer Netocia ungarica. Management of this locality includes regular cutting back of encroaching trees (including False Acacia), and some grassland areas are also cut. Sheep will be allowed to graze the area when it is necessary. 

horackuv_kopecekHoráček’s Hillock

   

 

Horecký kopec NM (Horecký Hill)

Area: 1.4 ha

Parish: Hnanice

Date of declaration: 12th April 2002

Again this is a locality of steppe grasslands with thermophilous shrub and heathland communities on a rocky basement and lies very close to the Austrian border around 1 km southwest of Hnanice. In late summer an abundant population of the protected Goldilocks Aster (Aster linosyrus) grows here, whereas the Great Pasque Flowers (Pulsatilla grandis) bloom here in early spring and rare shrubs include the Gallic Rose (Rosa gallica). Rare beetles also live here including the Jewel Beetle Habroloma geranii, which is bound to the Bloody Cranesbill and the Longhorn Beetle Agapanthia dahli, which lives on the edge of the territory on plants of the tansy family. Current management of this locality includes cutting grasslands back areas which are being overgrown with False Oat-grass and reducing the advance of trees and bushes into the area.

Horecký’s HillHorecký Hill